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Marie Curie  

Born Marie Sklodowska in Poland in 1867, Marie Curie was the winner of two Nobel Prizes for her groundbreaking work in physics and chemistry. She died in 1934
Last Updated: Nov 3, 2015 URL: Print Guide RSS Updates

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The book "Madame Curie" was written by Marie Curie's second daughter, Eve, who was a writer and wife of another Nobel Prize winner.   Later in life she did valuable work for the United Nations.   She died at the age of 102.

Cover Art
Curie - Sarah Dry; Sabine Seifert
Call Number: QD 22 .C8 D97 2003
ISBN: 1904341292
Publication Date: 2005-04-01

Cover Art
Madame Curie - Eve Curie
Call Number: QD 22 .C8 C85 2001
ISBN: 0306810387
Publication Date: 2001-04-02


Brief Biography

Marie Curie was a famous chemist and physicist who was born in Warsaw on November 7, 1867.   The daughter of middle class parents, she was drawn to math and science.   In 1891, she moved to Paris to study physics and mathematics at the Sorbonne.   It took her five years of hard work to earn the money to move to France.  She succeeded in earning her degrees eventhough she had to learn French in order to take her classes.   She had little money while a student but her love of science and her self discipline drove her to succeed.  She met her husband, Pierre Curie, a professor of physicis in 1894 and married him the following year.   The union produced two daughters,   She earned her Doctor of Science degee in 1903 and became the Professor of General Physics at the Sorbonne in 1906 following the tragic death of her husband.  She was the first woman to teach at the Sorbonne.

Curie and her husband were dedicated scientists and along with Becquerel were awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1903 for their work with radioactivity.  In 1911, she was awarded a second Nobel Prize in chemistry.  She was assisted in her research by her older daughter, Irene who was also awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry for her own research.

A tireless worker, Curie published in scientific journals and is the author of three books, including the classic Traite de Radioactivite.   During World War I she helped to equip ambulances with x-ray equipment.  Not one to be left behind, many times she drove the equipment to the Front.  She helped to train medical orderlies and doctors in the new techniques of reading and taking x-rays.

In 1929, Curie with the help of others, established a radioactivity laboratory in her native city.  Se worked with the League of Nations in the 1920's, even as her health began to decline.  She died on July 4, 1934 from leukaemia caused by her long exposure to radiation from her research.

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