Paterson Great Falls
Alexander Hamilton first saw the potential of the power of the Great Falls of the Passaic River, when he visited the area during the American Revolution. In 1791, as the Secretary of the Treasury of the new naton, he was instrumental in creating the Society for Establishing Useful Manufactures (S.U.M.) This led to a manufacturing site that was named for the New Jersey Governor, and S.U.M. stockholder, William Paterson.
Key dates in history:
1831 - Paterson township formed.
1831 - Morris Canal opened, providing transport for manufactured goods
1836- Colt revolvers manufactured in what later became known as the The "Gun Mill" established by Samuel Colt.
1837 - One of the earliest locomotives, the Sandusky, manufactured in Paterson
1840 - Silk manufacturing introduced
1851 - Re-incorporated as the City of Paterson
1870 - Produces 50 percent of the silk woven in the United States, called “Silk City USA". Immigrant laborers increase ethnic diversity of the city.
1878 - John Holland tested early model of submarine in Passaic River
1902 - Fires and floods caused major damage; many buildings rebuilt in the elaborate Beaux-Arts style
1913 - Silk workers strike